蚯蚓在土壤重金属污染及其修复中的应用研究进展
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国家公益性行业(农业)科研专项项目(200903056)和国家自然科学基金项目(41071170)资助


Review on Application of Earthworm in Soil Heavy Metal Pollution and Remediation
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    摘要:

    蚯蚓作为主要的大型土壤动物类群,对土壤环境改善起到了重要的作用,本文在系统分析、归纳总结国内外相关领域研究成果的基础上,综述了蚯蚓在土壤重金属污染及其修复中的应用研究进展,主要包括:蚯蚓作为土壤重金属污染的指示生物,蚯蚓对重金属的富集与释放,重金属对蚯蚓生理生态的影响研究,蚯蚓在土壤重金属污染修复中的作用机制,蚯蚓与植物、微生物的协同作用,以及蚯蚓粪作为重金属污染修复剂的潜力分析等。在此基础上,概括提出了蚯蚓在重金属污染土壤修复领域面临的主要问题。

    Abstract:

    As the major soil macro-fauna, earthworm plays an important role in the improvement of soil environment. Based on the systematic analysis and summarizing on the researches in related fields, the application of earthworm in the remediation of heavy metal contaminated soil was reviewed, which included: earthworm as the biological indicator of heavy metal contaminated soil, the enrichment and release of heavy metals in earthworms, the physiological and ecological impact of heavy metals on earthworms, the mechanism of the remediation by earthworm for heavy metal polluted soil, the synergy between earthworms and plants, microbial activities, and the potential of vermin-compost applied in the remediation of heavy metal polluted soil. The main problems encountered in remediation of ??heavy metal contaminated soil by earthworms were also proposed.

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唐 浩, 朱 江, 黄沈发, 邱江平.蚯蚓在土壤重金属污染及其修复中的应用研究进展[J].土壤,2013,45(1):17-25. TANG Hao, ZHU Jiang, HUANG Shen-fa, QIU Jiang-ping. Review on Application of Earthworm in Soil Heavy Metal Pollution and Remediation[J]. Soils,2013,45(1):17-25

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