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甘信宏,滕 应,任文杰,杨 敏,骆永明.磺化石墨烯对土壤中镉的异位淋脱修复效果[J].土壤,2017,49(1):135-140. GAN Xinhong,TENG Ying,REN Wenjie,YANG Min,LUO Yongming.Ex-situ Washing Remediation on Soil Cadmium by Sulfonated Grapheme[J].Soils,2017,49(1):135-140 本文二维码信息
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磺化石墨烯对土壤中镉的异位淋脱修复效果
Ex-situ Washing Remediation on Soil Cadmium by Sulfonated Grapheme
投稿时间:2016-03-06  修订日期:2016-03-16
DOI:10.13758/j.cnki.tr.2017.01.020
中文关键词:  磺化石墨烯    土壤淋洗  洗脱参数
Key Words:Sulfonated grapheme  Cadmium  Soil washing  Elution parameters
基金项目:国家高技术研究发展计划(863计划)项目(2012AA06A204,2007AA061001)和中国科学院科技服务网络计划项目(KFJ-EW-ZY-005)资助。
作者单位E-mail
甘信宏 中国科学院土壤环境与污染修复重点实验室(南京土壤研究所) gxhbest@126.com 
滕 应 中国科学院土壤环境与污染修复重点实验室(南京土壤研究所) yteng@issas.ac.cn 
任文杰 中国科学院土壤环境与污染修复重点实验室(南京土壤研究所)  
杨 敏 中国科学院土壤环境与污染修复重点实验室(南京土壤研究所)  
骆永明 中国科学院土壤环境与污染修复重点实验室(南京土壤研究所)  
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中文摘要:
      土壤异位淋洗技术具有修复速度快、效果好、适用范围广等优势,在欧美等国家已形成较为完善的法律体系与方法体系。本研究针对Cd污染土壤,以磺化石墨烯(SGO)作为一种淋洗剂,探讨磺化石墨烯在不同淋脱条件下对Cd污染土壤的异位修复效果。结果表明:磺化石墨烯对土壤中Cd的最优淋脱参数为洗脱浓度为4 000 mg/L,液土比为10︰1,连续淋洗4次,其土壤中Cd的去除率可达50%。同时还发现磺化石墨烯对不同类型土壤中Cd的洗脱效率存在明显差异,即与土壤黏粒含量、铁铝及其游离态含量、Cd有效态含量等因素有关。与常见洗脱剂(如FeCl3、CaCl2)相比,在相同条件下磺化石墨烯洗脱1次后,土壤中Cd的去除率达24.7%,明显高于FeCl3(17.9%)(P<0.05)和CaCl2(9.1%)(P<0.01)。可见,磺化石墨烯对Cd污染土壤具有更好的洗脱修复效果。
Abstract:
      Ex-situ soil washing technology takes the advantage with remediation speed, efficiency, application range etc., and then it has formed relatively perfect legal and method system in the United States and some countries of Europe. Using sulfonated graphene as the eluent, the different eluting parameters were evaluated for the ectopic leaching remediation effect of Cd contaminated soil. It was found that the optimum eluent parameters were 4000 mg/L of eluent concentration, 10︰1 of liquid-soil ratio, four times for continuous washing, respectively, under which the removal rate of Cd could reach up to 50%. With the elution of different contaminated soils, it showed that the removal rate of Cd was related to the proportion of soil clay, Fe or Al and the contents of their free state, the availability of Cd, etc. With 24.7% of Cd removal rate for washing once, sulfonated graphene was better than those of current common eluents (FeCl3 and CaCl2) under the same conditions. Therefore, sulfonated graphene plays a certain role on the washing remediation of Cd contaminated soil.
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