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刘智杰,董 雪,张志毅,黄 丽.九宫山土壤剖面中黏土矿物的组成特征[J].土壤,2017,49(4):795-802. LIU Zhijie,DONG Xue,ZHANG Zhiyi,HUANG Li.Characteristics of Clay Minerals in Soil Profiles on Jiugong Mountain[J].Soils,2017,49(4):795-802 本文二维码信息
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九宫山土壤剖面中黏土矿物的组成特征
Characteristics of Clay Minerals in Soil Profiles on Jiugong Mountain
投稿时间:2016-07-17  修订日期:2016-08-04
DOI:10.13758/j.cnki.tr.2017.04.023
中文关键词:  九宫山  地带性土壤  剖面  黏土矿物  铁、铝氧化物
Key Words:Jiugong Mountain  Zonal soil  Soil profile  Clay minerals  Iron-aluminum oxides
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41271252)和中央高校基本科研业务费专项基金(2013PY002)资助。
作者单位E-mail
刘智杰 华中农业大学农业部长江中下游耕地保育重点实验室 18935442641@163.com 
董 雪 华中农业大学农业部长江中下游耕地保育重点实验室  
张志毅 华中农业大学农业部长江中下游耕地保育重点实验室  
黄 丽 华中农业大学农业部长江中下游耕地保育重点实验室 daisyh@mail.hzau.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      以湖北省九宫山的4种垂直地带性土壤为对象,研究其剖面层次的黏土矿物组合和铁、铝氧化物的特征,揭示山地土壤中黏土矿物的变化特点。结果表明,随海拔升高,土壤中黏土矿物类型从以高岭石为主,逐渐变为以14.0?矿物、伊利石及三水铝石为主,有从1:1型向2:1型矿物过渡的趋势;不同层次的土壤中黏土矿物类型和相对含量变化明显;土壤随垂直高程的升高,其中游离态铁、铝减小,非晶形和络合态铁、铝增加,各种形态铁、铝氧化物的总量也增加。
Abstract:
      The composition characteristics of clay minerals and iron-aluminum oxides at different horizons of soil profiles in the vertical zonal soils of the Jiugong Mountain in Hubei Province were studied to reveal the changes of clay minerals in mountain soils. The results indicated that the content of kaolinite was abundant in soil at lower altitude, whereas the majority was 14.0? minerals, illite and gibbsite at higher altitude. With the increase of altitude, there was a transition trend of clay minerals from 1:1 to 2:1 types. The changes of types and relative contents of clay minerals in soils were obvious at differe?nt horizons in soil profiles. With the increase of altitude, the contents of free iron-aluminum oxides decreased but those of amorphous and complex iron-aluminum oxides increased in clays, and the total amounts of iron-aluminum oxides in different forms were also increased.
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