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王 滢,张晓岚,王 冉.中国台湾地区土壤污染调查和管理情况综述[J].土壤,2018,50(1):7-15. WANG Ying,ZHANG Xiaolan,WANG Ran.Soil Pollution Survey and Management in Taiwan of China[J].Soils,2018,50(1):7-15 本文二维码信息
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中国台湾地区土壤污染调查和管理情况综述
Soil Pollution Survey and Management in Taiwan of China
投稿时间:2017-01-17  修订日期:2017-03-02
DOI:10.13758/j.cnki.tr.2018.01.002
中文关键词:  土壤污染  土壤污染调查  土壤环境管理  中国台湾
Key Words:Soil pollution  Soil pollution survey  Soil environmental management  Taiwan of China
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
王 滢 环境保护部环境保护对外合作中心 76435206@qq.com 
张晓岚 环境保护部环境保护对外合作中心  
王 冉 环境保护部环境保护对外合作中心  
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中文摘要:
      中国台湾地区的土壤和地下水污染调查、监测和管理始于20世纪80年代,已有30多年的历史,从调查、立法和资金三方面着手,相互促进,成效显著。台湾“环保署”开展了土壤与地下水污染的调查和整治,明确了土壤、地下水和底泥三位一体的指导思想;形成了以《土壤及地下水污染整治法》为中心的法律法规和标准体系,建立了分级、分区管理,“双标准”,技师签字制度和土地登记制度等特色制度,鼓励公众参与;建立了土壤及地下水污染整治基金模式,采用基金管理委员会管理,垫付追偿、以奖代惩、采购社会化服务等方式强调企业主体责任,带动环保产业发展。本文对中国台湾地区土壤污染调查和管理情况进行了汇总,以期为“土十条”相关工作的开展提供参考。
Abstract:
      This paper summarizes the investigation and management of soil pollution in Taiwan of China in order to provide useful references for the implementation of "Action Plan for Prevention and Control of Soil Pollution" of China. The investigation, monitoring and management of soil and groundwater pollution in Taiwan began in 1980s, which has a history over 30 years. Remarkable achievements were obtained in three aspects of investigation, legislation and funding. “Environmental Protection Agent” of Taiwan has carried out the investigation and remediation of contaminated soil and groundwater, declared the three-in-one ideology of soil, groundwater and sediment, established the legislation and standard system centered on Soil and Groundwater Pollution Prevention Law, including the classification, partition management, the "double standards", technician signature system and land registration system etc., and public participation; set up the Soil and Groundwater Pollution Remediation Fund managed by Fund Management Committee, the fund is used in the ways of advance recovery, substituting punishment and social services purchasing etc. to emphasize the responsibility of enterprises in order to promote the development of environmental protection industry.
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