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戴士祥,任文杰,滕 应,陈 未,马文亭,黄 阳.安徽省主要水稻土基本理化性质及肥力综合评价[J].土壤,2018,50(1):66-72. DAI Shixiang,REN Wenjie,TENG Ying,CHEN Wei,MA Wenting,HUANG Yang.Basic Physico-chemical Properties and Fertility Comprehensive Evaluation of Main Paddy Soils in Anhui Province[J].Soils,2018,50(1):66-72 本文二维码信息
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安徽省主要水稻土基本理化性质及肥力综合评价
Basic Physico-chemical Properties and Fertility Comprehensive Evaluation of Main Paddy Soils in Anhui Province
投稿时间:2017-02-27  修订日期:2017-04-20
DOI:10.13758/j.cnki.tr.2018.01.009
中文关键词:  安徽  水稻土  改进层次分析法  模糊综合评价  肥力质量
Key Words:Anhui  Paddy soil  Improved analytical hierarchy process  Fuzzy comprehensive evaluation  Fertility quality
基金项目:科技基础性工作专项项目(2015FY110700)资助。
作者单位E-mail
戴士祥 中国科学院土壤环境与污染修复重点实验室(南京土壤研究所) shxdai@issas.ac.cn 
任文杰 中国科学院土壤环境与污染修复重点实验室(南京土壤研究所)  
滕 应 中国科学院土壤环境与污染修复重点实验室(南京土壤研究所) yteng@issas.ac.cn 
陈 未 中国科学院土壤环境与污染修复重点实验室(南京土壤研究所)  
马文亭 中国科学院土壤环境与污染修复重点实验室(南京土壤研究所)  
黄 阳 中国科学院土壤环境与污染修复重点实验室(南京土壤研究所)  
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中文摘要:
      以安徽省不同地区水稻土为研究对象,采集了11个剖面共43个土壤样品,测定其基本理化性质并建模评价其肥力质量。结果表明:根据中国土壤系统分类法,安徽水稻土主要是铁聚水耕人为土。土壤大体呈酸性,pH 5.0 ~ 6.5,土壤有机质和氮素含量等相对较低,表层土壤有机质、全氮、碱解氮平均含量为23.65 g/kg、1.44 g/kg、127.29 mg/kg,土壤质地主要是粉砂壤土。基于改进层次分析法的模糊综合评价模型结果显示,安徽稻田表层土壤肥力质量指数FI普遍介于0.7 ~ 0.8,肥力质量大体处于良好水平,且土壤肥力质量与土壤有机质、土壤全氮和碱解氮含量呈现显著的正相关。
Abstract:
      In total 43 horizon samples were collected from 11 paddy soil profiles in different areas in Anhui province, the basic physical and chemical properties were analyzed, and then a model was established to evaluate the fertility quality. The results showed that most paddy soils in Anhui province are belonging to Fe-accumuli-stagnic Anthrosols according to the Chinese Soil Taxonomy. On the whole, the soils appear to be acidic, with pH value is roughly between 5.0-6.5, the contents of organic matter and nitrogen are relatively low, the average contents of organic matter, total nitrogen and available nitrogen in plough soil are 23.65 g/kg, 1.44 g/kg and 127.29 mg/kg respectively, and the textures of majority of the soils are silt loam. The fuzzy comprehensive evaluation model based on the improved analytic hierarchy process (AHP) showed that the plough soil fertility index FI is generally between 0.7-0.8, which indicate the fertility quality is in good level, and there are significant positive correlations between soil fertility and the contents of soil organic matter, total nitrogen and available nitrogen.
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