设为首页  |   加入收藏
引用本文:
【打印本页】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 228次   下载 61 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
高寒矿区排土场不同坡向植被和土壤特征研究
金立群1, 李希来1, 孙华方1, 张 静1, 周 伟2
1.青海大学农牧学院;2.中国地质大学土地科学技术学院
摘要:
针对高寒矿区排土场人工植被恢复问题,选取青海江仓矿区南北2个排土场的4个坡面(南坡、北坡、东南坡与东坡)为研究对象,进行了不同坡向立地条件下植被与土壤的调查分析。结果显示:除幼苗高度外,不同坡向植被高度、盖度、地上生物量、生殖枝数量具有显著差异(P<0.05),东南坡与南坡(阳坡)长势较好。土壤全氮、有效磷含量及pH在不同坡向差异不显著(P>0.05),土壤全磷、碱解氮、速效钾、有机质、含水量在不同坡向具有显著差异(P<0.05)。北坡土壤有机质含量比其他3个坡面平均高出127.95 g/kg(P<0.05),土壤含水量在北坡与东坡(阴坡)显著高于南坡与东南坡(P<0.05)。土壤细菌与放线菌数量在东南坡显著高于其他3个坡面(P<0.05)。利用随机森林方法得出,土壤细菌数量、含水量、碱解氮含量、全磷含量、有机质含量及植被高度是影响露天煤矿排土场不同坡向立地条件下植被与土壤特性的主要因子。因此,为减小矿区排土场复绿过程中坡向不同带来的影响,在人工建植初期应加大东坡与北坡(阴坡)的种子播量,适时追施氮肥,并选择加厚无纺布(>50 g/m2)覆盖。
关键词:  江仓矿区  人工建植  坡向  植被特征  土壤理化性质
DOI:10.13758/j.cnki.tr.2020.04.025
分类号:S154.4;S812.6;S812.2
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41977415,41867073)、高等学校学科创新引智计划项目(D18013)和教育部长江学者和创新团队发展计划项目(IRT_17R62)资助。
Characteristics of Vegetations and Soils Under Different Aspects of Slag Mountain in Alpine Mining Area
JIN Liqun1, LI Xilai1, SUN Huafang1, ZHANG Jing1, ZHOU Wei2
1.College of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, Qinghai University;2.College of Land Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences
Abstract:
Aiming at artificially restoring vegetation in an alpine mine-dump area in Qinghai, four aspects (southeast, south, north and east) at two dumps in the Jiangcang mining area, Qinghai, were selected as the study plots, and their characteristics of artificial vegetations and soils were investigated and analyzed. The results showed that at different aspects, there were significant differences (P<0.05) in vegetation height, coverage, aboveground biomass, and the number of reproductive branches except seedling height. Vegetation on the southeast and south aspects (sunny aspect) grew better than on other aspects. There was no significant difference in soil total N, available P contents and pH among the different aspects. Soil total P and available N, available K, organic matter and moisture showed significant differences (P<0.05) among different aspects. Organic matter content on the north aspect was 127.95 g/kg higher than other three aspects (P<0.05), soil moistures on the north and east aspects were significantly higher than on the south and southeast ones (P<0.05). The populations of soil bacteria and actinomycetes were significantly higher on the southeast aspect than on the other aspects (P<0.05). Results of Random Forest analysis revealed that soil bacteria, water content, available N, total P, height of vegetation and soil organic matter content were the main influencing factors of the characteristics of vegetation and soil in the open-cast coal mine drainage field. Therefore, in order to reduce the impacts of different aspects in the re-greening process of the mine drainage area, the quantity of seeds sowed on east and north aspects (shady aspect) should be increased at the initial stage of artificial planting, nitrogen fertilizer should be applied in time, and thick non-woven fabric (>50 g/m2) should be used to cover the field to boost seed germination rate.
Key words:  Jiangcang mining area in Qinghai  Artificial vegetation and planting  Aspect  Vegetation characteristics  Physicochemical properties of soil

您是第3447233位访问者
版权所有 © 《土壤》编辑部
本系统由北京勤云科技发展有限公司设计   京ICP备09084417号