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我国土壤多参数快速检测方法和技术研发进展与展望
周怡1, 胡文友1, 黄标1, 纪荣平2, 涂勇辉3, 姜军3, 马力3
1.中国科学院土壤环境与污染修复重点实验室南京土壤研究所;2.扬州大学环境科学与工程学院;3.土壤与农业可持续发展国家重点实验室中国科学院南京土壤研究所
摘要:
快速、准确获取土壤多种属性信息是土壤质量快速检测与评估以及现代精准农业发展的必然需求。本文系统阐述了我国在土壤水分、盐分、养分、pH、温度等多参数快速检测方法、技术与设备等方面的研发进展,比较了不同快速检测方法和技术的优缺点,分析了土壤多参数检测技术及设备的研发现状、专利申请情况以及国家重大科研仪器项目的资助情况。未来应加强土壤快速检测设备的核心软硬件系统开发与集成技术研究,实现土壤检测的多参数快速智能化,同时应进一步加大土壤快速检测方法和技术的科技投入与联合攻关研究,以满足我国土壤多参数快速检测及土壤质量快速调查与评估的实际需要。
关键词:  土壤  快速检测  专利分析  研究进展  发展趋势
DOI:10.13758/j.cnki.tr.2019.04.001
分类号:S151.9+5
基金项目:国家重点研发计划重大科学仪器专项项目(2017YFF0108201)、中国科学院南京土壤研究所“一三五”计划和领域前沿重点项目(ISSAASIP1629)和土壤与农业可持续发展国家重点实验室开放课题(Y20160005)资助。
Advancement and Prospect in Methods and Techniques for Soil Multi-parameter Rapid Detection of China
Zhou Yi1, Hu Wenyou1, Huang Biao1, Ji Rong-ping2, Tu Yong-hui3, Jiang Jun3, Ma Li3
1.Key Laboratory of Soil Environment and Pollution Remediation,Institute of Soil Science,Chinese Academy of Sciences;2.School of Environmental Science and Engineering,YangZhou University;3.State Key Laboratory of Soil Sustainable Agriculture,Institute of Soil Science,Chinese Academy of Sciences
Abstract:
Rapid and accurate detection of soil multi-parameters is an inevitable requirement for soil quality assessment and the development of modern precision agriculture. This paper systematically elaborated the research progresses and prospects of methods, techniques and equipment of rapid detection of soil multi-parameters in China, such as soil moisture, salinity, nutrients, pH and temperature. The merits and demerits of different rapid detection methods and techniques were also compared in this paper. In addition, the current situation of soil rapid detection techniques and equipment, the thesis analyzes, the related patent application and the funding project supported by the National Key Research and Development Program were also analyzed. In the future studies, the development of the core hardware and software techniques and integrated systems for the soil multi-parameter rapid detection equipment should be strengthened to accomplished rapidness and intellectualization of soil multi-parameters detection. Furthermore, the investment of science and technology and joint efforts on the methods and techniques for soil multi-parameter rapid detection should also be increased to meet the actual demand of soil multi-parameter rapid detection of China.
Key words:  Soil  Rapid detection  Patent analysis  Research progress  Development trend

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