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长期施肥对酸性土壤磷形态及有效性的影响
颜晓军1, 苏 达2, 郑朝元1, 叶德练2, 吴良泉1
1.福建农林大学资源与环境学院;2.福建农林大学国际镁营养研究所
摘要:
为明确长期施肥对集约化果园土壤磷形态、分布特征及其有效性的影响,本研究对琯溪蜜柚主产区29个果园的土壤进行调查研究,采用张守敬和Jackson的酸性土壤无机磷分级方法,研究蜜柚果园土壤磷素累积对土壤磷形态及有效性的影响。结果表明:在集约化蜜柚果园中,土壤磷素累积丰富,随树龄增加土壤有效磷含量上升显著,且土壤磷形态在不同土层存在显著性差异;当全磷含量≤0.5 g/kg时,土壤磷形态主要以有机磷、铁磷为主,随着全磷含量的上升,铝磷含量、占比均显著上升;多元线性回归和逐步回归分析结果表明本试验中铝磷与有效磷相关性最好。果园土壤已经形成一个巨大的磷库,且有效性较高,可适当减少磷肥投入,降低土壤磷含量,减少经济成本,提高生态效益。
关键词:  酸性土壤  磷表观平衡  磷形态  磷有效性
DOI:10.13758/j.cnki.tr.2020.06.005
分类号:S153.6
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFD0200200,2017YFD0200207)资助。
Effects of Long-term Fertilization on Phosphorus Forms and Availability in Acid Soils
YAN Xiaojun1, SU Da2, ZHENG Chaoyuan1, YE Delian2, WU Liangquan1
1.College of Resources and Environment, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University;2.International Magnesium Institute, Fujiom Agriculture and Forestry University
Abstract:
In order to understand the effects of long-term fertilization on the forms, distribution and availability of phosphorus (P) in acid orchard soils, 87 soil samples were collected from pomelo orchards in Guanxi to investigate the effects of soil P accumulation on P forms and availability by using Chang and Jackson's inorganic phosphorus forms method. The results showed that soil P was abundant in intensive pomelo orchard, and soil available P increased significantly with tree age. In addition, there were significant differences in P forms among different depths. When soil total P was less than 0.5 g/kg, the main forms of P were organic-P and Fe-P, but with the increase of soil total P, Al-P ratio and content increased significantly. Multiple linear regression and stepwise regression analyses showed the significant correlation between Al-P and available P. In conclusion, orchard soil has formed a huge phosphorus pool with high availability, reducing P input properly can effectively reduce soil P content and economic cost, and improve ecological benefit.
Key words:  Acid soil  Phosphorus balance  Phosphorus forms  Phosphorus availability

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