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农药污染土壤生物刺激修复技术研究进展
祁慧鹓1,2, 朱国繁3, 王鑫伟4, 孙明明4, 王风贺2, 张胜田5, 叶茂1, 蒋新1
1.中国科学院土壤环境与污染修复重点实验室(南京土壤研究所), 南京 210008;2.南京师范大学环境学院, 南京 210023;3.合肥工业大学资源与环境工程学院, 合肥 230009;4.南京农业大学资源与环境科学学院, 南京 210095;5.生态环境部南京环境科学研究所, 南京 210042
摘要:
生物刺激作为一种环境友好且高效的生物修复技术,在污染土壤治理中具有独特优势,已成为国内外学者研究热点。针对当前农药污染土壤现状,本文综述了农药污染土壤及生物刺激修复技术的概念和范畴,重点从营养底物、表面活性剂、有机改良剂等角度阐述了生物刺激的方法和种类,探讨了影响生物刺激法修复农药污染土壤的主要因素,提出了生物刺激法目前存在的不足之处及未来发展趋势。本综述可为农药污染土壤生物刺激修复技术的发展和应用提供科学支撑。
关键词:  污染土壤  农药  生物刺激  修复
DOI:10.13758/j.cnki.tr.2021.02.001
分类号:X53
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2018FYC1803100)、国家自然科学基金面上项目(41771350)和江苏省优秀青年基金项目(BK20180110)资助。
Biostimulation Methods for Remediation of Pesticide-contaminated Soil: A Review
QI Huiyuan1,2, ZHU Guofan3, WANG Xinwei4, SUN Mingming4, WANG Fenghe2, ZHANG Shengtian5, YE Mao1, JIANG Xin1
1.Key Laboratory of Soil Environment and Pollution Remediation, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, 210008, China;2.School of Environment, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China;3.School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China;4.College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China;5.Nanjing Institute of Environmental Science, Ministry of Environmental Protection of China, Nanjing 210042, China
Abstract:
Biostimulation technology has become a hot topic in the treatment of contaminated soil because of its unique advantages, including highly efficient and environmentally friendly. This paper reviewed the current situation of pesticide-contaminated soil, the concept and scope of biostimulation, emphatically expounded the methods and types of biostimulation, mainly including the application of nutrient substrates, surfactants, and organic conditioner, etc. In addition, by concluding the vital factors that exert critical impact on the efficacy of biostimulation of pesticide contaminated soil, the existent problems and future prospect of biostimulation technology were proposed as well. This review can provide scientific support for the further development and application of biostimulation remediation technology of pesticide contaminated soil.
Key words:  Contaminated soil  Pesticide  Biostimulation  Remediation

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