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我国不同尺度烤烟种植区划与思考
谢新乔1, 李湘伟1, 朱云聪1, 田育天1, 胡保文1, 杨继周1, 王丹丹2, 梅玲丽1, 王美艳3, 史学正3, 柳成柱4, 景元书5
1.红塔烟草集团有限责任公司原料部;2.南京信息工程大学遥感与测绘工程学院;3.土壤与农业可持续发展国家重点实验室(中国科学院南京土壤研究所);4.云南省烟草公司玉溪市公司元江分公司;5.南京信息工程大学应用气象学院
摘要:
烤烟具有广泛的生态适应性,同时对生态条件的变化敏感,而烤烟区划为我国优质烤烟生产和发展提供参考。本文从烤烟区划综合指标的集成方法、全国和大区尺度烤烟区划、省域尺度烤烟区划以及地市和县域尺度烤烟区划4个方面阐述了我国烤烟区划的研究现状,并对烤烟区划未来发展趋势做出了展望。目前烤烟区划综合指标集成的方法主要有聚类分析法和指数和法等。大尺度上的烤烟区划在指导我国烤烟种植上发挥重要作用,但小尺度,如地市和县域尺度则无法满足我国现今卷烟工业企业烤烟原料精准采购需求。今后需加强生态因素对烤烟品质的影响研究,提高小尺度上烤烟区划的精细化程度,加强验证区划结果的准确性,实现烤烟的动态区划,从而为烤烟种植和品质筛选提供依据。
关键词:  烤烟区划  生态因子  生态适宜性  品质  气候
DOI:10.13758/j.cnki.tr.2020.06.017
分类号:F323.1
基金项目:红塔烟草集团有限公司技术项目(S-6019001)资助。
Research Progresses and Consideration on Flue-cured Tobacco Planting Regionalization in China
XIE Xinqiao1, LI Xiangwei1, ZHU Yuncong1, TIAN Yutian1, HU Baowen1, YANG Jizhou1, WANG Dandan2, MEI Lingli1, WANG Meiyan3, SHI Xuezheng3, LIU Chengzhu4, JING Yuanshu5
1.Hongta Tobacco (Group) Co., Ltd. Raw Materials Department;2.School of Remote Sensing & Geomatics Engineering, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology;3.State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences;4.Yuanjiang branch of Yuxi Tobacco Company, Yunnan Provincial Tobacco Company;5.School of Applied Meteorology, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology
Abstract:
Flue-cured tobacco has a wide range of ecological adaptability and is sensitive to the changes of ecological conditions. The flue-cured tobacco regionalization can provide references for the production and development of high-quality flue-cured tobacco in China. This paper described the research status of flue-cured tobacco regionalization in China from the following aspects: integrated method of comprehensive indexes for tobacco regionalization, tobacco regionalization at the scales of country, region, province, city and county. At present, the integrated methods of comprehensive indexes for tobacco regionalization mainly include cluster analysis and index summary, etc. Tobacco regionalization, at large scale (at country and region scales), plays an important role in guiding the cultivation of flue-cured tobacco in China, but at the small scale (such as at city and county scales), it cannot meet the demand of precision purchase of flue-cured tobacco raw materials of current cigarette industry enterprises in China. In the future, in order to provide the basis for the cultivation and quality selection of flue-cured tobacco, it is necessary to strengthen the research on the influence of ecological factors on the quality of flue-cured tobacco, improve the accuracy of tobacco regionalization at small scales, verify the accuracy of tobacco regionalization, and realize the dynamic regionalization of flue-cured tobacco.
Key words:  Flue-cured tobacco regionalization  Ecological factors  Ecological adaptability  Quality  Climate

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