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钒污染土壤生物修复研究进展
王鑫伟1, 孙明明1, 朱国繁2, 郑晓璇1, 晁会珍1, 胡锋1
1.南京农业大学资源与环境科学学院土壤生态学实验室;2.合肥工业大学资源与环境工程学院地下水实验室
摘要:
钒污染土壤对生态环境和人体健康存在危害,已成为土壤修复领域关注的热点之一。选取科学合理的修复方法对钒污染土壤进行精准治理十分必要。生物修复技术是钒污染土壤绿色可持续治理的重要发展方向,具有操作简便、环境友好、成本低廉、修复效率较高等优势。本文从植物、动物、微生物单一及联合修复的角度,综述了近年来钒污染土壤生物修复的研究进展,探讨了影响钒污染土壤生物修复效果的主要因素,总结了现阶段的研究不足,并对未来研究方向进行了展望。本综述可以为钒污染土壤生物修复技术的总结与发展应用提供科学依据与理论参考。
关键词:  钒污染  土壤  生物修复  综述
DOI:
分类号:X
基金项目:国家青年人才托举项目(2018QNRC001);国家自然科学基金面上项目(41771350);中央高校基本科研业务费(KYZ201715)
Research Progress Of Vanadium-Contaminated Soil Bioremediation
WANG Xinwei1, SUN Mingming1, ZHU Guofan2, ZHENG Xiaoxuan1, CHAO Huizhen1, HU Feng1
1.Soil Ecology Lab,College of Resources and Environmental Sciences,Nanjing Agricultural University;2.Groundwater Lab,School of Resources and Environmental Engineering,Hefei University of Technology,Hefei
Abstract:
It is urgent to take effective measures to tackle vanadium-contaminated soil, since it has resulted in serious threat against the public health and the ecosystem security. Bioremediation has become the emerging favorable technology because of its advantage of cost effective, environmental friendly, target specific, etc. Consequently, this paper reviewed the application of phytoremediation, animal remediation, and microbial remediation technologies in dissipating vanadium from polluted soil. The research progress, status quo, and the future perspective of the bioremediation of vanadium-contaminated soil were also concluded here. This review provided important conclusive information concerning the future application of bioremediation in vanadium-polluted soil.
Key words:  Vanadium contamination  Soil  Bioremediation  Review

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